(By: Elizabeth A. Estévez A) After trained and receive technical assistance, beef farmers from differentcommunities in the province Ingavi the department of La Paz applied newtechnologies in livestock feed and artificial insemination in order to double the production of milk their cows and improving the genetics of animals thatcuentan.Las techniques applied in the field are part of the technical assistancegiven in coordination with municipalities and rural indigenous authorities andtechnology Research Center Crib Association which is located in Tiahuanaku, on the road to Guaqui, which has professional staff and trainers to assistcommunities when they require.
One of the innovative work in this center is the development of balanced feed forlivestock basedon corn, bran, oatandsoybeans, perishable as well supplement vitaminized and minerals to supplement the diet of animals with natural grass, barley and alfalfa, sometimes by impact of adverse weather conditions such as frost and drought in short supply and not enough nutrition in highland areas. Technicians working on site and ranchers say the herd production increased withrations because good nutrition affects weight gain of cattle and increasedmilk production.
Maria Quispe, farmer in the Belhem communiity, now has doubled from 20 to a 25 for day.
Waldo Quispe, said there are 250 inseminated cows andcalves in gestation in 7 communities.
“It is important the feed,” said Javier Poma, blames the community, who increasedfrom 10 to 18 litrosde milking cow and said that artificial insemination is a novelty and are happy to have a service center in the heart alitiplano .
To improve and ensure the genetics of animals has been carried out artificial insemination of cows of the Holstein breeds brown and the place, with strawpedegree specimens, which is marketed and has on site a place of mounted, in addition to health care in order to prevent diseases in cattle.
In the first 3 months of work has been validated, the production of straw for insemination, cooling and preservation. To date we have available of 3,500straws of Brown Swiss bull “Boston” and Holstein “Lover” 500, for pregnant cows. At the request of farmers, is marketed in the straw Bs 35, Bs 25 for more artificialinsemination. “We have tried to ensure quality, reproduction straw in Brown and Holstein breeds,” said Dr. Japhet Zapana, Specialist of the center, with the introduction of breeding bulls as “Boston”, which was imported from the company in Peru, Inca Genetic, with pedegree, Puno. Boston American ancestry is a fatherand Peruvian mother by.
Javier Alvarez, Inca Genetic Laboratory Representative of Peru, said that his country was engaged in this task, with specimens adapted to the task, as the case of Brown Brow and Holstein breed that developed in Puno and Arequipa, 3,800 on sea level and have pedegree animals.
The target population reached 23 communities and it is estimated that some 5 000 families in milk, although they are engaged in part-time livestock, but are optimistic that better engage production 365 days a year to this activity they could generate better income. So Zapana argued that if “there are people living on milk production has grown,” by having genetically improved animals, farmers increase their competition and thus the population can have a staple of quality and contribution local food security.