Milk production whit balanced and insemination

(By:   Elizabeth A. Estévez A)   After trained and receive technical assistance, beef farmers from differentcommunities in the province Ingavi the department of La Paz applied newtechnologies in livestock feed and artificial insemination in order to double the production of milk their cows and improving the genetics of animals thatcuentan.Las techniques applied in the field are part of the technical assistancegiven in coordination with municipalities and rural indigenous authorities andtechnology Research Center Crib Association which is located in Tiahuanaku, on the road to Guaqui, which has professional staff and trainers to assistcommunities when they require.

One of the innovative work in this center is the development of balanced feed forlivestock basedon corn, bran, oatandsoybeans, perishable as well supplement vitaminized and minerals to supplement the diet of animals with natural grass, barley and alfalfa, sometimes by impact of adverse weather conditions such as frost and drought in short supply and not enough nutrition in highland areas.  Technicians working on site and ranchers say the herd production increased withrations because good nutrition affects weight gain of cattle and increasedmilk production.

Eugenia Parra, Ingavi province has 4 cows milked said before y8 of 6 liters, butwith the feed, you can get 13 books in the morning and afternoon, cow, which hasdoubled, with technical advice.

Maria Quispe,  farmer in the Belhem communiity, now has doubled from 20 to a 25 for day.

Waldo Quispe, said there are 250 inseminated cows andcalves in gestation in 7 communities.

“It is important the feed,” said Javier Poma, blames the community, who increasedfrom 10 to 18 litrosde milking cow and said that artificial insemination is a novelty and are happy to have a service center in the heart alitiplano .

Artificial insemination

To improve and ensure the genetics of animals has been carried out artificial insemination of cows of the Holstein breeds brown and the place, with strawpedegree specimens, which is marketed and has on site a place of mounted, in addition to health care in order to prevent diseases in cattle.

In the first 3 months of work has been validated, the production of straw for insemination, cooling and preservation. To date we have available of 3,500straws of Brown Swiss bull “Boston” and Holstein “Lover” 500, for pregnant cows. At the request of farmers, is marketed in the straw Bs 35, Bs 25 for more artificialinsemination.  “We have tried to ensure quality, reproduction straw in Brown and Holstein breeds,” said Dr. Japhet Zapana, Specialist of the center, with the introduction of breeding bulls as “Boston”, which was imported from the company in Peru, Inca Genetic, with pedegree, Puno. Boston American ancestry is a fatherand Peruvian mother by.

Javier Alvarez, Inca Genetic Laboratory Representative of Peru, said that his country was engaged in this task, with specimens adapted to the task, as the case of Brown Brow and Holstein breed that developed in Puno and Arequipa, 3,800 on sea level and have pedegree animals.

The work is done in the laboratory and has adequate infrastructure, complying with all requirements applying SENASAG subsidiary of the State which is responsible for regulating health and safety of animals and food products of agricultural origin.Therefore, the entity awarded a certificate that “certifies Center Semen Collection and Processing of Cattle Association and Cradle” enables to produce frozen semen of the bovine species and commercialize this product in and out of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, counting permanently with a veterinarian, according to Technical Manager, “on February 17 this year.Technical Center ensures that demand is growing and straw during the first year calves will later this month. So working with the municipalities of Guaqui Taraco Tiahuanaku, Caquiaviri, Curahuara Carangas and Districts 9 and 11 in El Alto.
An estimated 85 percent to 90 of pregnancy, which proves the genetic potential of the player.George Marino, Cradle promoter, said that health care is important because livestock can save lives of animals including a cow that was calving problems, which was cured with his calf. This assistance allowed the owner to assure a monthly income of Bs 1,458 on average per cow, in addition to farming, and said that an animal sacrifice is not positive.

The target population reached 23 communities and it is estimated that some 5 000 families in milk, although they are engaged in part-time livestock, but are optimistic that better engage production 365 days a year to this activity they could generate better income.  So Zapana argued that if “there are people living on milk production has grown,” by having genetically improved animals, farmers increase their competition and thus the population can have a staple of quality and contribution local food security.

2 pensamientos en “Milk production whit balanced and insemination

  1. Es una excelente opción para el mejoramiento genetico. Hay que sistematizar la experiencia y promover este tipo de iniciativas en otras zonas lecheras. Los productores lecheros están interesados en mejorar la productividad de su ganado y tener mejores ingresos. Con appoyo de tecnologias propiadas y de bajo costo, se puede llegar a muchas familias en el area rural Felicitaciones a CUNA por este proyecto.


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