In defense of their habitat and biodiversity

Delfín rosado o bufeo que se encuentra en la reserva natural del TIPNIS en peligro de extinción.

(Elizabeth Estévez A.)  The Isiboro Secure Tipnis, formed by 1.2 milion hectares is located between the departments of Beni and Cochabamba and is now the subject of environmental conflict since last year between the current government and indigenous people living this natural reserve, which have party back for two months from the forest where they live to the seat of government, to oppose the construction of a road that crosses through the center of this natural reserve.

Paraba roja y azul que se encuentra en el TIPNIS

Although construction is not accepted by the Indians the executive insists that it would after a consultation, but they assert that they affect their habitat and the right to live in their territory, without the intrusion of strangers that attempt to environment.

In the national park indigenous ethnic groups live Trinitarian Moxos, Tsimane Yuracaré and those living in its territory in an extraordinary plant and animal habitat, which advocate since the announcement of the construction of a road that supposedly contribute to progress and improve their living conditions.

According to historians the natives to live in their centuries ago, when after being evangelized by Jesuit missionaries, “tired of being abused by whites and mestizos who colonized the region, the natives staged their own search of the Promised Land or Holy Hill,” the land without evil and without disease, “said Moye, who was the eighth leading indigenous march.

Officially since 1990 is called Indian Territory Isiboro Secure National Park (Tipnis) and has dual status as a protected area and Community territory (TCO).

From 2011 the eighth marcha indifference of the authorities led to the ninth place of the Indians to arrive at the seat of government in the midst of the adversity of the winter weather, rising to 5000 meters above sea level, which does not are used to it and walked on their way towns such as San Borja and Yucumo in Beni, Caranavi, Coroico, Cotapata, La Paz and others where they were welcomed.

Natural wealth

Official reports show that parque-nacional-isiboro-secur Tipnis has 714 species of fauna and flora around 3,000. Other studies listed 108 species of mammals, 470 birds, 39 reptiles, 53 amphibians and 450 of fish and mammals like dolphins swimming dolphin pink or endangered.

Biodiversity is favored by 170 gaps and different altitudes of the park, 180 meters that are Isiboro and Sécure rivers and mountains 3,000 of the sub-Andean.

Officially since 1990 is called Indian Territory Isiboro Secure National Park (Tipnis) and has dual status as a protected area and Community territory (TCO).

From 2011 the eighth gear indifference of the authorities led to the ninth place of the Indians to arrive at the seat of government in the midst of the adversity of the winter weather, rising to 5000 meters above sea level, which does not are used to it and walked on their way towns such as San Borja and Yucumo in Beni, Caranavi, Coroico, Cotapata, La Paz and others where they were welcomed.

Natural wealth

Official reports show that the-national-park-secure Isiboro Tipnis has 714 species of fauna and flora around 3,000. Other studies listed 108 species of mammals, 470 birds, 39 reptiles, 53 amphibians and 450 of fish and mammals like dolphins swimming dolphin pink or endangered.

Biodiversity is favored by 170 gaps and different altitudes of the park, 180 meters that are Isiboro and Sécure rivers and mountains 3,000 of the sub-Andean.

the executive has denied any improper use would give this natural reserve as exploration and exploitation of oil or coca plantations and instead assert that the way will allow the integration of Bolivia under an optical “development” aspect is denied by the Indians who claim that this proposal strikes their way of life and threatens the existence of their culture.

Use of natural resources

The economy and life support TIPNIS communities is based on the exploitation of natural resources such as hunting, fishing, gathering of non-timber, logging, harvesting fruit, honey and very little agriculture and livestock.

Fishing

Is more important for its abundance in Upper Sécure, High Isiboro and the central area of the protected area. Yuracaes Tsimanes and make use of this resource for food because fish provide most of the dietary protein.

However it was reported recently in the press that the State in the current management signed an agreement with tourism businesses to the flow of foreign tourists who just engaged in fishing for native varieties of high commercial value such as the pacu or “pheasant of rivers, “surubí, tambaqui, general, and gold among others that are in this nature reserve, through tour packages overseas companies consisting of the visit of foreigners, with a value of $ us. 7,600 per person about a week in this nature reserve.

Forestry

The collection of non-timber forest products plays an effect on the dynamics of the inhabitants of TIPNIS. For Tsimanes, collection is very important as a source of income and food.

Testimonies of the marchers

Cesar Moye, “I feel a lot of faith after the first day of hiking. I am grateful to the Lord for having come this far though it’s chilly to claim the government. “

“I have faith and I’m sure the Lord will help us find a solution in our struggle. I ask that you respect the home of the Indians, which is the TIPNIS, and to respect our culture. We ask the Lord to help us. We know that good faith is going to solve things. “

“I have 45 years. I was at the march last year, came with five of my ten children and my wife, but this time I came just for the little one would harm at school. To come to the ninth place I talked to my wife and she said it was important to attend one to fix the problem of road because the inhabitants of TIPNIS asked the government not to build a highway through the heart of our territory “.

“I’m from Santiago community on the banks of the river in central Ichoa TIPNIS. I came on a flat wooden boat to join the march. “The trip took four days for the rivers.

Meanwhile, beyond the attitude of local and regional aspirations of the marchers who have lived this agony in defense of their habitat and the biodiversity of this natural reserve of the executive focus on road construction San Ignacio de Moxos – Villa Tunari, claiming to improve the lifestyle of indigenous people, without thinking about the future that this measure could result in irreversible damage to the environment and thousands of species of flora, fauna and biodiversity found in the middle of this natural wealth.


Un pensamiento en “In defense of their habitat and biodiversity

  1. Pingback: Indígenas del TIPNIS en defensa de su habitat « BOLIVIA AGRARIA

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