Ancestral cultures are applied in the Amazon

(By. Elizabeth Estévez) Because climate change affects different regions of east and west, with adverse events such as floods and droughts has innovated a response mechanism to natural phenomena, given that the planet is in the dilemma of “conservation and development “in communities near the city of Trinidad, Beni Department, wheretechnology has been applied to the ridges or ancestral farmland as an alternativeagricultural production, with the assistance of technicians and farmers who havebeen recover, the customs of the first settlers in this region. 

The initiative gives them the chance to be a society that can provide food such as vegetables, maize, fodder and other, given that this region has a higher calling in livestock and is difficult to have these foods for food security and even for export.Historical data reveal that exist in the department of Beni, more than 20,000 mounds, 5 000 km of embankments and the same number of channels.
In a first phase, 6 hectares have been planted maize, cassava, vegetables and fodder with excellent results, based on fertilizer, based on the water, which is made hummus for the transformation of crops. The possibility of using land rich in organic fertilizers have been given the option of cultivating and harvesting corn and cassava three times a year, with results of 100 MT per year. It also could be planted 40 000 plants per hectare biomass 70TM way to pay in the case of forages.

The first time it was 200 kilos of corn, the second at 2,000 kilos a year and now gets 5 000 kilos, with organic soil or biomass.

Biomass is produced by the conjunction of solar energy and water. The heat energy related impacts on water and the water body fitoplantas generating the primary way the indigenous organisms and from there begins the food chain based on molluscs, crustaceans, insects, fish that are suitable to these conditions that ultimately generate a number of aquatic plants. In short you have a biomass that grows in 8 months and can be transformed systematically the ground, according to Mr. Oscar Saavedra, head of this ancient innovation.

The value of the biomass, generates and encourages greater diversity, which makes it possible in this process captures more carbon, mitigate global warming and more fixed carbon, leaving possibility of ecological soil, that can transform biomass.

From the genius of the ancient cultures and to establish a harmony between soil and climate, “I left as a premise in what was the mechanism between agroarqueocológicas with experiments,” Saavedra said, when asked.

Throughout the Beni, is applicable whenever this technology not only savanna and forest, with a flood of 10 cm. to 1m; features that are applicable at 15 million hectares in our country.  

Identified suitable sites for the Beni provinces could be Itenez, Mamore Ballivián Yacuma Moxos and elsewhere in the interior of Bolivia with the same characteristics as the regions of Vaca Diez, Marban and the Pantanal, in Santa Cruz. According to engineering applications, it would be feasible to apply this technology with funding from 10 to 90 acres and had he supported public policy and ecological development.

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Also this technology could be applied Cohana Bay, in the highlands in the department of La Paz, which are high levels of contamination by the waters of Lake Titicaca, because this form of crop biotechnology could be an alternativesustainable technologies inspired by ancient Andean applied to a scenario, because the plain is similar to the ridges, as well as the system is similar to the “terraces” or “sukakollos” which also are other strengths of cultures Columbian, according to Mr. Saavedra.

Historical data show that this ancient technology of the ridges dating from 5000 BC, making the Amazon people, “one of the earliest farmers of the American continent,” according to historian Alcides couple in the book “Cultures of Hydraulic Amazon Amazon “, authored by Mr. Oscar Saavedra Arteaga, before the Christian era, so it could be argued that the technology of the ridges could be older than Tiahuanaku, according to these data.

The development project “sustainable hydro Biotechnology applicable to climate change adaptation, based on the ridges in 4 communities in the municipalities of Trinidad, in areas of high flood risk”, has been successful, as the executors and beneficiaries in the area, therefore be extended.

In 4 years, as food suppliers, and was passed to strengthen the management capacity of community members, to form productive partnerships for communities to be autonomous.

The pilot initiative with financial support from the NGO Oxfam GB working in Bolivia.

However, this production model that could be applied in the department of Beni, is believed still not possible, according to FAO and ecological constraints of tropical soils, large-scale, increased support and advance food security agricultural intensification in the context of sustainable development.

7 pensamientos en “Ancestral cultures are applied in the Amazon

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